This is by no means a complete or all inclusive list of the many references used by the Tuliv Migraine Research project, but it does include some of those found to be helpful in our study of migraines.

  1. Noboru Toda and Tomio Okamura, The Pharmacology of Nitric Oxide in the Peripheral Nervous System of Blood Vessels, Affiliations Department of Pharmacology, Shiga University of Medical Science, Ohtsu, Japan (N.T., T.O.); and Department of Toyama Institute for Cardiovascular Pharmacology Research, Chuo-ku, Osaka, Japan Pharmacol Rev 55:271–324, 2003
  2. Zacharias L, Rand WM, Wurtman RJ. A prospective study of sexual development and growth in American girls: The statistics of menarchie. Obstet Gynecol Surv. 1976;31(4):325-337.
  3. Harlan WR, Harlan EA, Grillo GP. Secondary sex characteristics of girls 12 to 17 years of age: The U.S. Health Examination Survey. J Pediatr.1980;96(6):1074-1078.
  4. Jenner MR, Kelch RP, Kaplan SL, Grumbach MM. Hormonal changes in puberty. IV. Plasma estradiol, LH, and FSH in prepubertal children, pubertal females, and in precocious puberty, premature thelarche, hypogonadism, and in a child with a feminizing ovarian tumor. J Clin Endocrinol Metab.1972;34(3):521-530.
  5. Stewart WF, Lipton RB, Celentano DD, Reed ML. Prevalence of migraine headache in the United States. Relation to age, income, race, and other sociodemographic factors. JAMA. 1992;267(1):64-69.
  6. Stewart WF, Linet MS, Celentano DD, Van Natta M, Ziegler D. Age- and sex-specific incidence rates of migraine with and without visual aura. Am J Epidemiol. 1991;134(10):1111-1120.
  7. Couturier EG, Bomhof MA, Neven AK, van Duijn NP. Menstrual migraine in a representative Dutch population sample: Prevalence, disability and treatment.Cephalalgia. 2003;23(4):302-308.
  8. Martin VT. Menstrual migraine: A review of prophylactic therapies. Curr Pain Headache Rep. 2004;8(3):229-237.
  9. MacGregor EA, Chia H, Vohrah RC, Wilkinson M. Migraine and menstruation: A pilot study. Cephalalgia. 1990;10(6):305-310.
  10. Granella F, Sances G, Zanferrari C, Costa A, Martignoni E, Manzoni GC. Migraine without aura and reproductive life events: A clinical epidemiological study in 1300 women. Headache. 1993;33(7):385-389.
  11. Granella F, Sances G, Pucci E, Nappi RE, Ghiotto N, Napp G. Migraine with aura and reproductive life events: A case control study. Cephalalgia.2000;20(8):701-707.
  12. Cupini LM, Matteis M, Troisi E, Calabresi P, Bernardi G, Silvestrini M. Sex-hormone-related events in migrainous females. A clinical comparative study between migraine with aura and migraine without aura. Cephalalgia.1995;15(2):140-144.
  13. Mattsson P. Hormonal factors in migraine: A population-based study of women aged 40 to 74 years. Headache. 2003;43(1):27-35.
  14. Koseoglu E, Nacar M, Talaslioglu A, Cetinkaya F. Epidemiological and clinical characteristics of migraine and tension type headache in 1146 females in Kayseri, Turkey. Cephalalgia. 2003;23(5):381-388.
  15. Johannes CB, Linet MS, Stewart WF, Celentano DD, Lipton RB, Szklo M. Relationship of headache to phase of the menstrual cycle among young women: A daily diary study. Neurology. 1995;45(6):1076-1082.
  16. Stewart WF, Lipton RB, Chee E, Sawyer J, Silberstein SD. Menstrual cycle and headache in a population sample of migraineurs. Neurology.2000;55(10):1517-1523.
  17. Martin V, Wernke S, Mandell K, Grumbach MM. Defining the relationship between ovarian hormones and migraine headache. Headache. 2005;45: 1190-1201.
  18. MacGregor EA, Hackshaw A. Prevalence of migraine on each day of the natural menstrual cycle. Neurology. 2004;63(2):351-353.
  19. Granella F, Sances G, Allais G, Nappi RE, Tirelli A, Benedetto C, et al. Characteristics of menstrual and nonmenstrual attacks in women with menstrually related migraine referred to headache centres. Cephalalgia.2004;24(9):707-716.
  20. Davies PT, Eccles N, Steiner TJ, Leathard H, Rose F. Plasma estrogen, progesterone and sex hormone binding globulin levels in the pathogenesis of migraine. Cephalalgia. 1989;9: 143[abstract].
  21. Epstein MT, Hockaday JM, Hockaday TD. Migraine and reproductive hormones throughout the menstrual cycle. Lancet. 1975;1(7906):543-548.
  22. Lichten EM, Lichten J, Whitty A, Peiper D. The use of leuprolide acetate in the diagnosis and treatment of menstrual migraine: The role of artificially induced menopause. Headache Q. 1995;6: 313-317.
  23. Murray SC, Muse KN. Effective treatment of severe menstrual migraine headaches with gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist and "add-back" therapy. Fertil Steril. 1997;67(2):390-393.
  24. Somerville BW. Plasma estradiol level linked to migraine during menstrual period. JAMA. 1972;221: 845-846.
  25. Somerville BW. The role of estradiol withdrawal in the etiology of menstrual migraine. Neurology. 1972;22(4):355-365.
  26. Somerville BW. Estrogen-withdrawal migraine. II. Attempted prophylaxis by continuous estradiol administration. Neurology. 1975;25(3):245-250.
  27. Somerville BW. Estrogen-withdrawal migraine. I. Duration of exposure required and attempted prophylaxis by premenstrual estrogen administration. Neurology.1975;25(3):239-244.
  28. de Lignieres B, Vincens M, Mauvais-Jarvis P, Mas JL, Touboul PJ, Bousser MG. Prevention of menstrual migraine by percutaneous oestradiol. Br Med J (Clin Res Ed). 1986;293(6561):1540.
  29. Calhoun AH. A novel specific prophylaxis for menstrual-associated migraine.South Med J. 2004;97(9):819-822.
  30. Pradalier A, Vincent D, Beaulieu P, Baudesson G, Launay J. Correlation between oestradiol plasma level and therapeutic effect on menstrual migraine. In: Rose C, ed. New Advances in Headache Research: 4. London: Smith-Gordon, 1994, pp. 129-132.
  31. Silberstein SD, Merriam GR. Estrogens, progestins, and headache. Neurology.1991;41(6):786-793.
  32. Carlson LA, Ekelund LG, Oro L. Clinical and metabolic effects of different doses of prostaglandin E1 in man. Prostaglandin and related factors. Acta Med Scand.1968;183(5):423-430.
  33. Irwin J, Morse E, Riddick D. Dysmenorrhea induced by autologous transfusion.Obstet Gynecol. 1981;58(3):286-290.
  34. Sances G, Martignoni E, Fioroni L, Blandini F, Facchinetti F, Nappi G. Naproxen sodium in menstrual migraine prophylaxis: A double-blind placebo controlled study. Headache. 1990;30(11):705-709.
  35. Li W, Zheng T, Altura BM, Altura BT. Sex steroid hormones exert biphasic effects on cytosolic magnesium ions in cerebral vascular smooth muscle cells: Possible relationships to migraine frequency in premenstrual syndromes and stroke incidence. Brain Res Bull. 2001;54(1):83-89.
  36. Ramadan NM, Halvorson H, Vande-Linde A, Levine SR, Helpern JA, Welch KM. Low brain magnesium in migraine. Headache. 1989;29(7):416-419.
  37. Mauskop A, Altura BM. Role of magnesium in the pathogenesis and treatment of migraines. Clin Neurosci. 1998;5(1):24-27.
  38. Mauskop A, Altura BT, Cracco RQ, Altura BM. Intravenous magnesium sulphate relieves migraine attacks in patients with low serum ionized magnesium levels: A pilot study. Clin Sci (Lond). 1995;89(6):633-636.
  39. Facchinetti F, Sances G, Borella P, Genazzani AR, Nappi G. Magnesium prophylaxis of menstrual migraine: Effects on intracellular magnesium.Headache. 1991;31(5):298-301.
  40. Facchinetti F, Martignoni E, Fioroni L, Sances G, Genazzani AR. Opioid control of the hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal axis cyclically fails in menstrual migraine. Cephalalgia. 1990;10(1):51-56.
  41. Cassidy EM, Tomkins E, Dinan T, Hardiman O, O'Keane V. Central 5-HT receptor hypersensitivity in migraine without aura. Cephalalgia. 2003;23(1):29-34.
  42. Nappi RE, Sances G, Brundu B, Ghiotto N, Detaddei S, Biancardi C, et al.Neuroendocrine response to the serotonin agonist M-chlorophenylpiperazine in women with menstrual status migrainosus. Neuroendocrinology. 2003;78(1):52-60.
  43. Cassidy EM, Tomkins E, Sharifi N, Dinan T, Hardiman O, O'Keane V. Differing central amine receptor sensitivity in different migraine subtypes? A neuroendocrine study using buspirone. Pain. 2003;101(3):283-290.
  44. D'Andrea G, Hasselmark L, Cananzi AR, Alecci M, Perini F, Zamberlan F, et al.Metabolism and menstrual cycle rhythmicity of serotonin in primary headaches.Headache. 1995;35(4):216-221.
  45. Fioroni L, Andrea GD, Alecci M, Cananzi A, Facchinetti F. Platelet serotonin pathway in menstrual migraine. Cephalalgia. 1996;16(6):427-430.
  46. Sarchielli P, Tognoloni M, Russo S, Vulcano MR, Feleppa M, Mala M, et al.Variations in the platelet arginine/nitric oxide pathway during the ovarian cycle in females affected by menstrual migraine. Cephalalgia. 1996;16(7):468-475.
  47. Smith CC, McMahon LL. Estrogen-induced increase in the magnitude of long-term potentiation occurs only when the ratio of NMDA transmission to AMPA transmission is increased. J Neurosci. 2005;25(34):7780-7791.
  48. Woolley CS. Estrogen-mediated structural and functional synaptic plasticity in the female rat hippocampus. Horm Behav. 1998;34(2):140-148.
  49. Martin V, Behbehani M. Ovarian hormones and migraine headache: Understanding mechanisms and pathogenesis—Part 1. Headache. 2006.
  50. Stell BM, Brickley SG, Tang CY, Farrant M, Mody I. Neuroactive steroids reduce neuronal excitability by selectively enhancing tonic inhibition mediated by delta subunit-containing GABAA receptors. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A.2003;100(24):14439-14444.
  51. Beckham JC, Krug LM, Penzien DB, Johnson CA, Mosley TH, Meeks GR, et al. The relationship of ovarian steroids, headache activity and menstrual distress: A pilot study with female migraineurs. Headache. 1992;32(6):292-297.
  52. Cutrer FM, Moskowitz MA. Wolff Award 1996. The actions of valproate and neurosteroids in a model of trigeminal pain. Headache. 1996;36(10):579-585.
  53. Limmroth V, Lee WS, Moskowitz MA. GABAA-receptor-mediated effects of progesterone, its ring-A-reduced metabolites and synthetic neuroactive steroids on neurogenic oedema in the rat meninges. Br J Pharmacol. 1996;117(1):99-104.
  54. Allais G, De Lorenzo C, Mana O, Benedetto C. Oral contraceptives in women with migraine: Balancing risks and benefits. Neurol Sci. 2004;25 (suppl 3):S211-S214.
  55. Ryan RE. A controlled study of the effect of oral contraceptives on migraine.Headache. 1978;17(6):250-251.
  56. Whitty CW, Hockaday JM, Whitty MM. The effect of oral contraceptives on migraine. Lancet. 1966;1(7442):856-859.
  57. Dalton K. Migraine and oral contraceptives. Headache. 1976;15: 247-251.
  58. Mueller L. Predictability of exogenous hormone effect on subgroups of migraineurs. Headache. 2000;40(3):189-193.
  59. Loder EW, Buse DC, Golub JR. Headache and combination estrogen-progestin oral contraceptives: Integrating evidence, guidelines, and clinical practice.Headache. 2005;45(3):224-231.
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  61. Mousa GY. Migraine and oral contraceptives. Am J Optom Physiol Opt.1982;59(10):821-823.
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  63. Gardner JH, Horenstein S, Van den Noort S. The clinical characteristics of headache during impending cerebral infarction in women taking oral contraceptives. Headache. 1968;8(3):108-111.
  64. Hanington E, Jones R, Amess J. Platelet aggregation in response to 5HT in migraine patients taking oral contraceptives. Lancet. 1982;1: 967-968.
  65. Stang PE, Carson AP, Rose KM, Mo J, Ephross SA, Shahar E, et al.Headache, cerebrovascular symptoms, and stroke: The Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Study. Neurology. 2005;64(9):1573-1577.
  66. Tzourio C, Bousser MG. Migraine: A risk factor for ischemic stroke in young women. Stroke. 1997;28(12):2569-2570.
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  68. Chang CL, Donaghy M, Poulter N. Migraine and stroke in young women: Case–control study. The World Health Organisation Collaborative Study of cardiovascular disease and steroid hormone contraception. BMJ.1999;318(7175):13-18.
  69. Velentgas P, Cole JA, Mo J, Sikes CR, Walker AM. Severe vascular events in migraine patients. Headache. 2004;44(7):642-651.
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